Editorial Policy and Ethics

Journal of Science and Inclusive Development (JSID) is a peer-reviewed/double blind, open access journal, published biannually by Wolaita Sodo University (WSU), Ethiopia. The journal is devoted to disseminating findings of original scientific investigations related to all science disciplines and development. Any submission is evaluated against Journal policy and ethics, as detailed below:

Publication Ethics and Publication Malpractice Statement
Journal of Science and Inclusive Development (JSID) fully endorses and applies the guidelines of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) to administer matter of ethics.
Editorial ethics
JSID operate within COPE guidelines and work within all relevant legal and ethical frameworks and will work closely with editors to ensure that papers are dealt with fairly. This would play a vital role in maintaining and improving the quality of work the journal publishes and the integrity of its peer review and publication process.
It follows COPE core practices and guidelines. https://publicationethics.org/corepractices

Peer review
JSID undergo thorough peer review and endorse COPE guidelines for reviewers. https://publicationethics.org/resources/guidelines/copeethical-guidelines-peer-reviewers
The Journal operate double-blind peer review model. A minimum of two independent reviewers is normally required for every research article. It is a requirement to maintain confidentiality and integrity of the peer
review and editorial decision-making process at all stages, complying with data protection regulations. The invited reviewer should declare any competing interest before submitting their report to the journal. The details of the comments as well as the overall recommendations by peer reviewers will be considered by the Editor when making a decision, but ultimate responsibility for acceptance or rejection lies with the Editor.

JSID takes all forms of misconduct seriously and will take all necessary action, in accordance with COPE guidelines (https://publicationethics.org/guidance), to protect the integrity of the scholarly record.
Examples of misconduct include (but are not limited to):
Affiliation misrepresentation, Breaches in copyright/use of third-party material without appropriate permissions, Citation manipulation, Duplicate submission/publication, “Ethics dumping”, Image or data manipulation/fabrication, Plagiarism, and Unethical research.

Research ethics and consent
All research published in JSID must have been conducted according to international and local guidelines ensuring ethically conducted research.
Research involving humans and animals
All research studies on humans (individuals, samples or data) must have been performed in accordance with the principles stated in the Declaration of Helsinki. https://www.wma.net/policies-post/wma-
Studies involving vertebrates or regulated invertebrates (e.g. cephalopods), field studies and other non-experimental research on animals must have been carried out based Research procedures must be carried out in accordance with applicable national or international guidelines.
Prior to starting the study, ethical approval must have been obtained for all protocols from the local institutional review board (IRB) or other appropriate ethics committee to confirm the study meets national and
international guidelines for research on humans. A statement to confirm this must be included within the manuscript, which must provide details of the name of the ethics committee and reference/permit numbers where available.

Complaints and appeals
Anyone may inform the Editor-in-Chief at any time of suspected unethical behavior or any type of misconduct by giving the necessary credible information/evidence to start an investigation. When dealing with unethical behavior, the Editorial Board will rely on the guidelines and recommendations provided by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). https://publicationethics.org/appeals

Authorship criteria
All authors must meet the criteria for authorship, which include the role of the author in conception of the study, design of the study, data collection, data analysis, and write up of the manuscript. Those who contributed to the work but do not meet the criteria for authorship can be mentioned in the Acknowledgments.
It follow: https://publicationethics.org/authorship

Archiving and repository policy
The journal is committed to the permanent availability and preservation of scholarly research and to ensure accessibility.
Authors are permitted to deposit the publisher's version (PDF) of their work in an institutional repository or other repository of their choice.

Article Processing Charges
JSID publishes all accepted manuscripts without any article processing charges. The publication cost is covered by Wolaita Sodo University

Copyright and Licensing:
JSID is an Open Access Journal where readers have accesses to full text for free. Authors must agree that published article to be distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY NC ND
4.0, which permits readers to share all or part of your article in any medium or format for non-commercial purposes. Journal allows authors to retain the copyright of their papers without restrictions. Authors will then grant the publisher the right of first publication, and other nonexclusive publishing rights.

Advertising policy

All advertisements are subject to approval of the Publisher, or Editor, which reserves the right to reject or cancel any advertisement at any time. Advertising content for tobacco, alcohol, recreational drugs or any illegal products will not be accepted.

Statements in advertisements should carry no direct or implied disparagement of another product. There should be no statements that are misleading, exaggerated, or contrary to proven facts. Advertisements may not be indecent, obscene, or defamatory.

The principle of maintaining editorial independence from commercial influence underlies decision-making. Editorial decisions are not influenced by advertising.

Advertisements must be clearly identifiable as advertisements and clearly distinguishable from editorial content. JSID will not publish advertisements in the form of editorial content. Sponsored supplements must be clearly indicated as such. All advertisements must clearly and prominently identify the advertiser by trademark or signature.

Advertised products must be compliant with the regulations in the country where the advertisement will be seen. If advertising content has been approved by a relevant Regulatory Body, such as for example the Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) or the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), it will normally be accepted without changes.

Retraction policy

Legal limitations of the publisher, copyright holder or author(s), infringements of professional ethical codes, such as multiple submissions, bogus claims of authorship, plagiarism, fraudulent use of data or any major misconduct require retraction of an article according to Retraction guidelines | COPE: Committee on Publication Ethics. https://publicationethics.org/node/19896 Occasionally, a retraction can be used to correct numerous serious errors, which cannot be covered by publishing corrections. A retraction may be published by the Editor-in-Chief, the author(s), or both parties consensually. The retraction takes the form of a separate item listed in the contents and labeled as "Retraction". The original article is retained unchanged, except for a watermark on the PDF indicating on each page that it is “retracted”.

Conflicts of interest / competing interests

The existence of a conflict of interest should be reported if there is a divergence between an individual’s private interests (competing interests) and his or her responsibilities to scientific and publishing activities such that a reasonable observer might wonder if the individual’s behavior or judgment was motivated by considerations of his or her competing interests. It is the responsibility of authors to disclose any financial/other interest that may have influenced the development of the manuscript. If the reviewers perceive any possible conflict of interest for manuscripts they are assigned to review, they should disclose it and they should decline the review of such manuscripts if needed. The same also applies to the editors.

Data sharing and reproducibility

JSID encourages authors to share the research data underlying their papers to support transparency and reproducibility of research. Some of the benefits of sharing data are: Fosters new collaborations, Increases trust in research findings, Accelerates research progress, Improves reproducibility, Avoids unnecessary duplication of experiments, Allows researchers to get credit for their data and Sharing data with a DOI increases discoverability. Authors are encouraged to deposit the data used to generate the results in their paper in an appropriate public repository. Where ethical or privacy issues exist, data should not be shared.  The decision to publish will not be affected by whether or not authors have shared their research data. Where data is shared, authors should cite their data in line with the journal guidelines.

Ethical oversight

All submissions should specify whether the research has gone through an ethical clearance process, including by whom, when and the clearance number. In addition, it should be clearly stated whether the research participants were made aware of the research and consented to their participation in it.

Intellectual property

To satisfy the conditions of open access publishing and promote the greatest possible distribution, JSID requires authors to declare their paper open access under one of the Creative Commons Licenses. The website of the Creative Commons describes how these licenses function.

Post-publication discussions and corrections.

The correspondence provides access to the post-publication conversation. If any readers have any concerns about any of the stories published, they can write a letter to the editor. Errata, corrigenda, and retraction can be used to remedy any errors or faults detected in the article. Each author is responsible for providing early retractions or corrections of inaccuracies in published works. Editors are in charge of any author-requested revisions. The document will be amended and re-published on our website, along with the posting of a Correction, after the update request has been accepted.

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